Trucks, Buses, MMPV’s – Dump

Federal Lighting
Equipment
Location
Requirements

NOTE: All information provided by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. For full and up-to-date information, visit http://www.nhtsa.gov/

IMPORTANT NOTE: Every lamp, reflex reflector, and conspicuity treatment (device) must be permanently attached in the location specified below and must comply with all applicable requirements prescribed for it by FMVSS/CMVSS 108. The face of any device on the front/rear and sides should be, respectively perpendicular and parallel to vehicle centerline, unless it is photometrically certified at installation angle. No part of the vehicle shall prevent any device from meeting its prescribed requirements unless an auxiliary device meeting all prescribed requirements is installed.IN CANADA: Manufacturers and importers of vehicles must have the proper certification test records demonstrating compliance of lighting components with all prescribed requirements.

BASIC EQUIPMENT REQUIRED ON ALL TRUCKS, BUSES & MPVs

D E S C R I P T I O NM A N D A T O R Y     R E Q U I R E M E N T S
AreaEquipment(SAE Lens Coding)Functional PurposeQuantityColorLocationHeight mm (in.) from the ground
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Headlamps - Lower Beam(H, HR)
Attention: US: "DOT" lettering required on lens
Attention: US & Canada: light source code required on lens
Forward road illuminationMinimum 2WhiteOn the front - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable
(If 4 lamp system - outboard or above upper beams)
560-1370 (22-54)
 Headlamps - Upper Beam(H, HR)
Attention: US: "DOT" lettering required on lens
Attention: US & Canada: light source code required on lens
Forward road illuminationMinimum 2WhiteOn the front - symmetrical
( If 4 lamp system - inboard or below lower beams )
560-1370 (22-54)
 Parking Lamps-Attention: Required only on vehicles less than 2032mm wide(P)Indicate parked vehicleMinimum 2White or YellowFront - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable380-1530 (15-60)
 Daytime Running Lamps -
Attention: for Canada required, for US optional.
(Y2)
Attention: for US, "DRL" lettering required on lens if device is not headlamp
Indicate in-use vehicleMinimum 2White or YellowFront - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable380 (15) minimum Maximum depends on type of DRL
Front Turn Signal/Hazard Warning Lamps(l)Indicate direction of turn / identify disabled vehicleMinimum 2YellowFront - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable380-2110 (15-83)
Front Clearance Lamps-
Attention: Required for vehicles 2032mm wide or wider
(P2, PC* or P3*,PC2)
*photometrically certified at installation angle
Show vehicle's widthMinimum 2YellowAt widest point - symmetrical - on the front or near the front - facing forwardAs high as practicable


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Front Identification Lamps (ID) (P2 or P3)Indicate presence of a wide vehicleExactly 3Yellowon the front - center - horizontally spaced 150 mm (6 in.) to 300 mm (12 in.) apartAs high as practicable or on top of cab
Front Side Marker Lamps(P2, PC* or P3 ,PC2*)
*photometrically certified at installation angle
Minimum 2YellowEach side at front - as far forward as practicable380 (15) minimum
Front Side Reflex Reflectors(A)Front and Rear side marker lamps / sideMinimum 2YellowAt front - symmetrical - as far forward as practicable - facing sideward380-1530 (15-60)
Rear Side Marker Lamps **(P2, PC* or P3, PC2*)
*photometrically certified at installation angle
reflex reflector indicate vehicle's presence and lengthMinimum 2RedEach side at rear - as far back as practicable380 (15) minimum
Rear Side Reflex
Reflectors
**
** not required on Truck Tractors
(A)Minimum 2RedEach side at rear - as far back as practicable - facing sideward380-1530 (15-60)
Rear Clearance Lamps
Attention:
Required for vehicles 2032mm wide or wider, but not required on Truck Tractors
(P2, PC* or P3, PC2*)
*photometrically certified at installation angle
Show vehicle's width -
MAY NOT be combined with tail lamps
Minimum 2RedAt widest point - symmetrical - on the rear or near the rear - facing rearwardAs high as practicable-may be lower only if rear ID lamps are at the top

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Rear Identification Lamps
(ID)
Attention:
Required for vehicles 2032mm wide or wider, but not required on Truck Tractors
(P2 or P3 )Indicate presence of a wide vehicleExactly 3RedRear - center - horizontally spaced 150 mm (6 in.) to 300 mm (12 in.) apart, facing rearwardin Canada : at the top - maybe lower if door header narrower than 25mm
in USA: as high as practicable

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Tail Lamps(T)Indicate vehicle's presence and widthMinimum 2RedOn the rear - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable380-1830 (15-72)
 Stop Lamps(S)Indicate brakingMinimum 2RedOn the rear - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable380-1830 (15-72)
 Rear Turn Signal/Hazard Warning Lamps(I)Indicate direction of turn/ identifies disabled veh.Minimum 2Red or YellowOn the rear - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable380-2110 (15-83)
 Rear Reflex Reflectors(A)Show vehicle's presence and widthMinimum 2RedOn the rear - symmetrical - as far apart as practicable - facing rearward380-1530 (15-60)
Backup Lamp(R)Illuminate ground behind the vehicle and alert road usersMinimum 1WhiteRearNo requirement

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License Plate Lamp(s)(L)Illuminates license plateMinimum 1WhiteOn the rear - above or at the sides of license plateNo requirement
Center High Mounted Stop Lamp
Attention:
Required for vehicles less than 2032mm wide and 4536kg
(U3)Indicates brakingMinimum 1RedOn the rear - centerline of the vehicle860 (34) minimum

ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT FOR SPECIFIC VEHICLES

VEHICLES 9.1 m (30 ft.) LONG OR LONGER

D E S C R I P T I O NM A N D A T O R Y     R E Q U I R E M E N T S
AreaEquipment(SAE Lens Coding)Functional PurposeQuantityColorLocationHeight mm (in.)
from the ground
Intermediate Side Marker Lamps(P2 or PC)Indicate presence of a long vehicleMinimum 2YellowEach side near center380 (15) minimum

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Intermediate Side Reflex Reflectors(A)Indicate presence of a long vehicleMinimum 2YellowEach side near center - facing sideward380-1530 (15-60)

TRUCK TRACTORS

D E S C R I P T I O NM A N D A T O R Y     R E Q U I R E M E N T S
AreaConspicuity TreatmentDOT CodingQuantityColorLocationHeightOptions
Rear Upper Body MarkingDOT-C, DOT-C2, DOT-C3, or DOT-C4Exactly 2 pairs of 300mm long stripsWhiteRear upper corners of cab - facing rearwardAs high as practicable excluding fairings


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Rear MarkingDOT-C, DOT-C2, DOT-C3, or DOT-C4Exactly 2 sections of min. 600mm eachRed/WhiteRear - facing rearward - on fenders, on mud flaps brackets, or within 300mm below of the top of mud flapsAs horizontal as practicable and not higher than 1525 mm from the groundIf mud flaps not used - on the cab or frame mounted brackets


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